NIH Pilot Project will Match Researchers to Genes, Gene Variants of Interest
Published:08 Mar.2018    Source:National Institutes of Health
Databases such as the 1000 Genomes Project and the Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) harbor large numbers of genotypes (an individual’s collection of genes). Until now, it has been difficult for researchers to re-contact individuals with genotypes of interest and investigate the health consequences of their genes and gene variants. To address this challenge, National Institutes of Health and Inova Health System researchers are launching The Genomic Ascertainment Cohort (TGAC), a two-year pilot project that will allow them to recall genotyped people and examine the genes and gene variants’ influence on their phenotypes, an individual’s observable traits, such as height, eye color or blood type.
The project reverses a long-standing research paradigm of examining a person’s traits or symptoms and then searching for genes or gene variants that cause or contribute to them. NIH will establish a new database of 10,000 human genomes and exomes, the 1-2 percent of the genome that contains protein-coding genes. Once the database is established, NIH and Inova researchers will predict conditions that specific genes or gene variants might produce and test those predictions by re-examining individuals who donated their DNA sequence information to the database.